The Descent from Jannah

The Descent from Jannah

The descent of Adam AS and Eve from Paradise to earth is probably the most important event in our lives, so do you know why it happened?! Allah SWT is The Wise, so He had plenty of wisdom in letting Adam enter Paradise first, sin, then descend to earth, let’s try to understand.

Let’s assume Adam AS and Eve never sinned, and never left Paradise, do you think you would have ever appreciated Allah’s blessings? No! Let’s assume we never left Paradise, how do you expect to see Allah’s beautiful names in action? The Merciful, The Forgiving, The Sustainer? Let’s assume we never left Paradise, how do you expect to believe in the Unseen? And even better, get rewarded for it? He SWT is The Wise!

We were all created from a grip of this soil, fertile and infertile, and hence varied between good and bad. This life is our filtration test! The other alternative would have been that we all stay in Heaven, and whoever sins goes to eternal Hell; would you have preferred this?! “In order that Allah may separate the filthy from the pure, and placing the filthy atop one another, make a heap and throw them into hell; it is they who are the losers” (8:37). Remember that Allah SWT already had the angels who worship Him 24/7, but He SWT gave you a brain and freewill for a double reward!

Did you ever think that with your creation, Satan’s arrogance was exposed? The moment he refused to prostrate to Adam AS the truth came out! Then Allah SWT decreed that we (humans) and them (devils) come down to earth so He SWT may give us the HONOR of obeying Him! So are you?! Allah SWT sent us detailed instructions on how to get back to Heaven; meanwhile, He subjected a whole universe to help us get closer to Him!

He SWT created the rich and the poor, for the rich to be thankful, and the poor to be patient; so rather pay attention to your reaction! This Heaven has plenty of levels, and one of the reasons you’re here on earth is to earn your level there, so kindly pay attention! The Quran has the most detailed description of Heaven and Hell to remind you not to pick the temporary waste at the expense of the eternal.

May Allah SWT show us His Straight Path, make us among His chosen slaves, and grant us eternal Heaven, Ameen!

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 4

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 4

The prophet SAW said “As for you, Abu Bakr, you will be the first of my Ummah (nation) to enter Paradise” [Abu Dawud]. He SAW also said “Truly, one of the most generous people to me, with his company and his property, is Abu Bakr, and if I were to take an intimate friend apart from my Lord I would have taken Abu Bakr, but there is the brotherhood of Islam” [Bukhari].

Let’s now look at Umar’s testimony on Abu Bakr Al-Siddik. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab said “Abu Bakr is our chief” [Bukhari]. He rA also said “If the faith of Abu Bakr was to be weighed against the faith of the inhabitants of the earth, he would outweigh them” [Bayhaqi]. Now listen to Ali rA “By the One in Whose hand is my self, we never strove to be first in a good action but that Abu Bakr was before us in it”  [Tabarani].

Let us now look at four “facts”, which differentiate Abu Bakr Al-Siddik from every other companion, and every other person in this Ummah. First, he was named Al-Siddik, for believing the prophet SAW before anyone else, and no one either before him or after was given this honor. Second, he was the prophet’s companion in the cave and on Hijrah, and no one was honored with anything even close to it. Third, during his late illness, the prophet SAW ordered that he, out of all companions, leads the prayer at his place. A woman asked the prophet SAW what she should do if she comes one day and doesn’t find him (referring to his death), so what was his reply? Listen carefully now, the prophet SAW said “‘If you don’t find me then come to Abu Bakr” [Bukhari & Muslim].

When the prophet’s SAW illness became severe, he said “Command Abu Bakr and let him lead the people in prayer” [Bukhari & Muslim]. Why do you think the prophet SAW commanded that Abu Bakr out of all people replace him in leading the people in prayer? And when Aisha rA tried to find excuses for her father not to replace the prophet in leading the prayer, what was the prophet’s reaction? The prophet SAW repeated his command one more time, and when Aisha still tried to find excuses, the prophet SAW got furious, why?! The prophet repeated his command for a third time and added “truly you are the female companions of Yusuf” because he was delivering a message! And the message was that in leading the people in prayer, the prophet SAW was already appointing Abu Bakr as his Caliph.

To be resumed inshaa Allah in Part 5..

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 3

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 3

The best of mankind after the prophet SAW is Abu Bakr, then Umar, then Uthman, then Ali, then the remaining six given the good tiding of Paradise. When Muhammed, son of Ali rA, asked him “Who is the best of mankind after the Prophet SAW? He said: Abu Bakr” [Bukhari]. As for Umar, he said “Abu Bakr, our master, the best of us and the most beloved to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace” [Tirmidhi].

And when the prophet SAW was asked who is most beloved to him, he answered “Aisha”, and when asked about the men, He said “Her father” [Bukhari]. Furthermore, he SAW said “The most merciful of my Ummah (nation) towards my Ummah is Abu Bakr, the most severe of them in the matter of Allah is Umar, the most truly modest of them is Uthman, ..” [Ahmad & Tirmidhi]. So as you can see, the ranking of Abu Bakr among the companions, has nothing to do with personal opinions. The matter has been set clear!

Now let’s take a look at the verses, which were revealed in praise of Abu Bakr rA, because those will add another angle to his ranking. When Allah SWT says “The second of the two when the two were in the cave” (9:40), He wants you to remember Abu Bakr each time you read this verse.

Then, how many Muslims know that Abu Bakr is the one who bought Bilal with a cloak and 10 pieces of silver, then set him free for the sake of Allah? Allah SWT swore in three consecutive verses before recording what Abu Bakr did with Bilal in the 4th verse so that you don’t forget it! Read carefully now: “By the night enshrouding. And the day resplendent. And Him Who has created male and female. Indeed your efforts differ” (92:1-4).

Actually, Abu Bakr freed so many slaves that the rest of the verses in Surat Al-Layl were revealed to record his noble acts for Allah’s sake. The verses “So for one who gave and practiced piety. And believes in goodness. So We will very soon provide him ease” (92:4-7) are all talking about Abu Bakr people!

Ibn Abbas further said that the verse “and consult with them in the conduct of affairs” (3:159) referred to Abu Bakr and Umar rA. Ibn Hatem narrated that the verse “And for him who fears to stand before his Lord, are two Gardens” (55:46) was about Abu Bakr. Al-Tabarani said that the verse “indeed Allah is his Supporter, and Jibreel and the virtuous believers” (66:4) referred to Abu bakr and Umar. Whereas, the verse “These are the ones whose good deeds We will accept, and overlook their shortfalls, among the People of Paradise” (46:16) is also believed to be about Abu Bakr rA.

Those were the verses revealed about Abu Bakr rA, so let’s now turn to the authentic Hadiths of the prophet SAW where he praised his best friend. The prophet said “There has been no prophet but that he had two deputies from the people of heaven and two deputies from the people of earth. As for my two deputies from the people of heaven, they are Jibril and Mikail, and as for my two deputies from the people of earth they are Abu Bakr and Umar” [Tirmidhi]. Now you know where to classify those who hate Jibril and Mikail, and where to classify those who hate Abu Bakr and Umar.

The prophet SAW also said “Abu Bakr is in Heaven, Umar is in Heaven, Uthman is in Heaven, Ali is in Heaven, …” [Authentic]. I am not sure what clearer classification and ranking of the companions do people need when the order is clear even to the blind-hearted! The prophet SAW said “I will be the first over whom the earth will split open, then Abu Bakr and Umar” [Tirmdhi].

To be resumed inshaa Allah in Part 4…

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 2

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 2

Abu Bakr rA wasn’t just a vanguard in embracing Islam, but he was also the most generous in spending his wealth for the benefit of Islam. He was so generous that Allah SWT had to honor it in a revelation solely describing how he bestowed his wealth at the service of Islam. Allah SWT said “Who gives his wealth in self-purification. And no one has done a favor to him, for which he should be compensated” (92:19-20), that was Abu Bakr! “He desires only to please his Lord, the Supreme. And indeed, soon he will be very pleased” (92:19-21), that was indeed Abu Bakr rA!

 Furthermore, the prophet SAW left us an authentic Hadith, not about prayer nor fasting, but to document Abu Bakr’s generosity on Islam. He SAW said “No wealth ever benefited me as did the wealth of Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr wept and said: Are I and my wealth for any but you, Messenger of Allah?” [Ahmad]. So let it be very clear that no one ever spent more money to free slaves who were being tortured in Mecca for the sake of Allah than Abu Bakr Al-Siddik. And let it be very clear that no one ever spent more money on arming the believers than Abu Bakr Al-Siddik; that’s why no one whosoever will outdo him!

One day Umar thought that he’d outdo Abu Bakr by giving half his wealth in charity, only to discover later on that Abu Bakr had give all his. And when the prophet SAW asked Abu Bakr “what have you left for your family? He said: I have left for them Allah and His Messenger”[Tirmidhi]. This is when Umar rA finally admitted “‘I will never ever outdo him (Abu Bakr) in anything” [Tirmidhi], and this is the plain truth.

Actually, Abu Bakr rA has done so much for Islam that he couldn’t be rewarded in this life, but rather on the Day of Judgement! The prophet SAW said “We have never been under obligation to anyone but that we have repaid him, except for Abu Bakr, for he has put obligations on us which Allah will repay him for on the Day of Rising. No wealth has ever benefited me as that of Abu Bakr” [Tirmidhi].

Right after the prophet’s death, it was Abu Bakr’s knowledge that saved Islam from a disastrous outcome as people refused to pay their Zakah, and this is when he uttered his famous words “By Allah, I will fight whoever distinguishes between Salah and Zakah. By Allah, if they refuse me as much as the halter of a camel which they used to pay to the Messenger of Allah SAW I will fight them over their refusal” [Bukhari & Muslim].

When Ibn Umar rA was asked: Who used to give fatwa for people at the time of the prophet SAW, he gave two names: Abu Bakr and Umar rA. Actually, Abu Bakr rA wasn’t just knowledgeable in the matters of Deen, but he was also of sharp intelligence. When the prophet SAW informed the companions that “Allah SWT has given a slave the choice between the world and that which is with Him. That slave has chosen that which is with Allah” [Bukhari & Muslim], who was the only one to understand the message? None other than Abu Bakr! Abu Bakr wept and said” We would ransom you with our fathers and mothers” [Bukhari & Muslim], because he knew the prophet meant himself.

No wonder the prophet SAW made it crystal clear that “It is not fitting for a people among whom is Abu Bakr that another than him should lead them”[Tirmidhi].

To be resumed inshaa Allah in Part 3…

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 1

The Life of Abu Bakr Al-Siddik – Part 1

His name was Abdullah Ibn Abi Quhafah, and his family was connected to that of the prophet SAW through his grand father Murrah. He earned his famous nickname “Al-Siddik” for never hesitating to affirm the prophet SAW and adhering steadfastly to the message of Islam. Before getting into any details, let it be very clear, that the best person to have served Islam after the prophet SAW, is Abu Bakr!

He was born two years after the birth of the Prophet SAW, and he died two years after the prophet’s death, subhan Allah! He spent his early life in Mecca, traveling only to conduct his trade business, being one of Mecca’s most wealthy and noble men. Before Islam, he never drank wine nor spoke/composed poetry, and when asked why, his reply “‘to protect my honor and guard my manliness”.

He was a fair man, of slender build, thin cheeks, slight stoop, skinny face, deep eyes, prominent forehead, and fleshless hands. The first among “men” to have accepted Islam and to perform prayer with the prophet SAW was Abu Bakr Al-Siddik; Ali being the first among boys. The prophet SAW described how Abu Bakr rA accepted Islam in a beautiful Hadith, which reflects the uniqueness of this noble companion. He SAW said “‘I have never Invited anyone to Islam except that he had an aversion to it, and Irresolution and deliberation, except Abu Bakr” [Authentic].

Then eventually the prophet SAW had to declare the message to his people, so how did they reply to him, and how did Abu Bakr reply? Let’s read from Bukhari: The prophet SAW said “People, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all,” and they said “You are lying”, while Abu Bakr said “You have told the truth” [Bukhari].

Abu Bakr accompanied the prophet SAW throughout his life, even before revelation, never missing a battle nor missing emigration to Medina! An event, honored by a revelation where Allah SWT said “The second of two when the two of them were in the cave” (9:40). It was none but Abu Bakr!

He is also known for his bravery and defense of the prophet SAW, especially when Okbah ibn Abi Maeet tried to throttle the prophet SAW, so Abu Bakr shouted “Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allah, and he has come to you with clear signs from your Lord?” [Bukhari].

To be resumed inshaa Allah in Part 2…